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if ever you are passing through bangladesh visit sir fazle abed if you want more evidence on this subject



Dear George
 Choices and Risks Can Young people be healthier than ever before? Various health issues affecting young people today are linked either to behavior or an unprotected environment, from HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases, Malaria and Ebola. Too many young people aren't aware of specific health risks and how and where they can access appropriate health information and services.  Moderator: Rafael Cortez, Senior Economist Health, World Bank Group George Patton, Director, Adolescent Health Research, University of Melbourne and Lancet Adolescent Health Commission Aliou Oumarou, President National Council of Youth, Niger Sameera Al Tuwaijri, Lead Health Specialist, World Bank Group 

There's probably no more valuable starting point for worldwide youth to take back action learning they need than a peer to peer pre-adolescent health network of type George that I think your talk at word bank described and based on your and lancet new research on young brains as well as wellbeing and self-determination of health or illness that evolves round say a 12 year olds social network. Research of and with the development of Quarter Billion Girls led out of Bangladesh and China validates this finding making any more macro-statistical research on this fact utterly wasteful. 

So i hope its ok trying to introduce people who have live criss-crossing projects which somehow need to come together if we are ever to value youth and intergenerational sustainability  

Please tell me at any stage if i can introduce you more personally to any of the people i originally circulated - first could i introduce kenya's leading youth in development connector audrey cheng- she keynoted at world bank Youth Leading Development at Moringa school - the most affordable coding college african youth yet have
Moringa School is Africa's top coding school, where we train students to become world-class mobile and web developers in an intensive, exciting journey.
-also may i introduce nick bian- as far as I know he was the main youth coordinator of the first youth world bank summit -in 2013 I commuted between poland's nobel peace laureate summit and the world bank youth summit which happened in same week-probably nick would know whether the 10 or so youth summits since have linked inside the world bank a youth professional health network- boston has great networks of that type as result of KIM's work to 2010; when kim first came to world bank he invited every under 35 youth professional practice area to build such a model 



mattias was one of the world bank coordinators of the youth in development event; katherine represents the main sponsor of that event the baltimore based International Youth Foundation international youth foundation- it has created its own alumni association of international youth around the world since 1990; historically they have not funded anything connecting usa youth to international though they are now considering doing something in baltimore ;there's quite a lot of clinton-aid style politics around IYF; completely different is Irish DenisG  its probably best mailing him one to one- you can search his work in connecting all the digital technology networks associated with the un and trying to get them to apply their knowhow to health something i spent 3 days at a windsor castle retreat on; he sees blockchain as contributing as big a revolution in health as jack ma is already leading in financial inclusion; unfortunately denis is often not well himself but if one needs to know something or someone at the intersection of technology and health he's most likely to know it or know who does;  justin is the most connected person at Home | the Education Commission and the goal of 2016-2030 being the greatest #learningenration - he serves the 30 national leaders of the commission who seem to segment round different interests (major segments 1 funding 2 refugees 3 all change education led by jack ma and jim kim within the commission) - technically my fellow scot gordon brown leads the commission ( I guess if you have a politician representing national policy on education best go through gordon otherwise justin probably knows who is actioning what and he is based in new york and so i guess justin is effectively the only person on the commission who can walk into UN and UNICEF any time)



its dr ranga whose life has been spent asking what can satellite learning do originally with the late great president kalam; for about a decade he has been working for the ethiopian america noah samara head office silver spring MD who was the first to negotiate a common frequency across 200 hundred countries for peoples experiments with what satellites can do; Noah had first been motivated when reading early descriptions of hiv to design a worldwide information satellite radio to try to help african people and communities to have info to minimise aids

I dont know how to put this quickly but noah was leading a multibillion dollar corporation worldspace which got increasingly diluted by entertainment instead of serious knowledge at height of dotcom and other political booms; - most of it had to be sold off in parts; everything noah now has yazmi | Beaming Knowledge to Everyone  is focused on learning and the stalite whose arc is all of africa , middle east, parts of southern europe including italy;



FALL 2016: the two countries that  have become the main lab for what noahs networks and satellite can linkin are ethiopia and kenya; on tuesday dr ranga and I will be rehearsing with reverend alvin hathaway in baltimore what hundreds of rural catholic schools in kenya want from yazmi; al is baltimore black youth's main hope of leaping out of the inner city mess - he has represented interfaith groups on  visit to the pope francis and also knows jim kim; one stroke of good fortune which al has gravitated around his community of communities in downtown baltimore is the best african american coders represented by jayfus and his juxtopia network; they can probably build more with blockchain than the staff of the world bank who haven't built up a leading edge in coding partly because until jim kim came it was officially impossible to start a career path inside the world bank until you were over 35; I have worked with 24 year old chinese amy for 18 months trying to connect chinese and global youth actions and ian in london is her other main mentor (i have worked with ian for over 20 years on everything mass media has destroyed for youth)

the trouble in quickly introducing people is of course there's much more to each person than i have begun to describe; in particular Al is good friends with the other health keynoter at youth in development -the extraordinary baltimore commissioner for health Leana Wen
Keynote Address III: Dr. Leana Wen, Public Health Commissioner, Baltimore City Introduced by Olusoji Adeyi, Director Health, Nutrition and Population, World Bank Group

George and Andrea - when you mention MOOCs - could you give us some exact bookmarks where adolescent health is being shared?
Everyone- please chat to each other if there is a relevant lead; if not apologies- hard to connect so many important peoples work for youth in one mail

chris  washington dc text 240 316 8157

From: George Patton <>
To: christopher macrae <> 
Cc: S. Rangarajan <>; Alvin C. Hathaway <>; Justin Van Fleet <>; Denis Gilhooly <>; Andrea Krelle (MCRI) <>; Katherine Kinzer <>; Mattias LUNDBERG <>; Jayfus Doswell <>
Sent: Tuesday, 18 October 2016, 20:14
Subject: RE: dear george can i ask you how you are doing with diffusion of your adolescent health course co-researched at Lancet and featured at world bank youth in development summit

Dear Chris,
Thank you – the global adolescent health course is now in its third iteration and it continues to have wide engagement – by the end of this iteration, it will have reached close to 10,000 participants. And they come from a majority of UN countries.
There have been a range of strategies that local groups and networks of used to augment the MOOC - discussion groups of various kinds including some great network discussions hosted by Jpiego and Michelle Farmer.
I've copied Andrea Krelle into this email as she is moderating the course on this occasion.
Very best,
From: christopher macrae [] 
Sent: Wednesday, 19 October 2016 8:37 AM
To: George Patton
Cc: S. Rangarajan; Alvin C. Hathaway; Justin Van Fleet; Denis Gilhooly; Katherine Kinzer; Mattias LUNDBERG; Jayfus Doswell
Subject: dear george can i ask you how you are doing with diffusion of your adolescent health course co-researched at Lancet and featured at world bank youth in development summit
For many years now i have been searching for a channel where the curricula that are not primarily classroom based but could have huge youth jobs or community sustainability benefits can be openly compared for actions and scaled when demand is mobilised
last month at the UN  Home | the Education Commission  for the greatest #learninggeneration assembled across 30 countries leaders by Justin Van Fleet as Gordon Brown chief of staff - Jack Ma of china's ali baba said this
It is time to change schools- we should anticipate 40 to 50% of the learnings that will need to take place outside the classroom in the real world through the mobile phone and internet. In this way we need to mobilise more cooperation and organisation to facilitate this. And yes money is important but more important is that we create new models for education to prepare our young people not for yesterday and today but tomorrow – we need also put our limited resources and money not only on the IQ but the EQ and LQ (The Q of Love). We need to develop the creativity and confidence of our children. 
two days later his fellow education commissioner world bank's jim kim at a UN event appointing ma as special adviser on youth entrepreneurship jim kim said this
I kept asking about how he came with these ideas and what his motivation was—I was so impressed – I came back to the world bank and I asked my whole team a very simple question- have we taken into account the ali baba factor in how we think about everything we do because if ali baba is the way to develop the world then we might not be doing the right things at at all
 – I was so impressed because jack had a deep moral vision for what he was doing in his business
Now the way he processes and understand data is better than anyone else 
I am hopeful that some progress is being made on the channel though frustratingly the pieces (listed below) of extraordinary health knowledge for youth to action still seem to be led by people who dont have enough opportunities to meet  (or which ultimately expensive top-down systems lobbies oppose)
we will be reviewing the channel progress on tuesday in baltimore where reverent al hathaway hosts (in my searches) the greatest collection of experiments of how black american youth can regenerate inner cities ; the channel we will review is africa and middle east's elearning satellite mixing in intel's most advanced collection of downloadable courses ; yazmi is expecting to beam this down to several hundred rural kenyan schools in time for the start of their next school year
while these courses are the standard stuff such as khan academy, what we would like to do is find a way of providing free advertising to sources of extraordinary curricula like yours - that way over time as yazmi is asked to tailor standard courses to local communities most urgent additional need we will at least have the adjunct catalogue 
here are some of the health related courses that I have loved when i have seen the idea presented but so far not be able to do more than keep a checklist of where the source is
H1 your adolescent peer to peer course
H2 the maharishi curriculum of self-empowerment that africa's nearly free university uses since many of its disadvantaged students intake start with worse psychological profiles than GIs returning from Iraq
H3 brac's last mile franchise of 120000 community para health workers - which was the foundation of everything that rural women in bangladesh built including the microcredit models that worked
H4 bracs international girls adolesence club - this is actually bracs main international channel
(note on brac sir fazle abed turned 80 this year while i meet him once or twice a year what he wants to ensure succeeds him fits as smart mobile technology revolution accelerates has so far required priority focus on all the financial inclusion coding leaving advances in health and education waiting for trusted partners to linkin)
blockchain which is the coding ledger program integral to china's greatest job creator jack ma financial leapfroging at ali baba but is also seen as a gamechanger in health by denis gilhooly who has coordinated un reports on digital health ; 
which brings us to jim kim
to date all of his knowledge on last mile health servants hasnt advanced in scaling  curriculum mode during his first 5 years at world bank because it seems he is contracted not to work directly with his previous partners; however kim has become one of jack ma's great friends in terms of admiring both his financial inclusion model and his educational goals so there has to be a hope that last mile health curriculum will suddenly benefit from all of jim kims connections especially as the world bank's main new report to china during kim's presidency is on healthcare in china; (while paul farmer told me in budapest 2012 that haiti's la Mirabelle would start open sourcing last ,mile health curricula I suspect haiti remains too busy with emergency work) 
anyhow not being a health professional maybe i apologise if I have missed some reporting connections but i feel this jigsaw pieces need continuous mention until they come together and perhaps yazmi's channel can now help with this; george very much admire your compatriot paul komesaroff work and australia's prime minster is one of the south's greatest champion of jack ma so maybe thats an additional convergence route for the greatest #learninggeneration    
i am sure dr ranga at yazmi HQ in maryland  would be delighted to hear of any news of how you are rolling out the adolescent curricula or what sort of free ad for it we could announce as yazmi's stage 1 of putting standard curriculum within reach of those in rural areas without reliable internet moves to the second stage so whats the one missing curriculum your local youth most need; my 4th visit to china to build demand for what quarter billion girls under 30 want to be taught coincides with wise education summit in beijing 5 november so if there is a favorite short leaflet on the adolescent health curricula i would like to hand that out and try and get its pdf sent to the pan-africa youth summit being hosted out of Liberia which Chinese graduate researchers are linking in

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Alibaba founder Jack Ma unveils ambitious plan

Mission: 100 million new jobs

By Dana McCauley

He already runs the world's biggest online shopping company, but Alibaba founder Jack Ma is not satisfied.

The Chinese billionaire has unveiled an even more ambitious plan to expand the company's reach across the globe, creating 100 million new jobs and transforming the global economy to create a more equitable world.

It may sound pie-in-the-sky, but the goal forms part of mission statement of the US$261 billion company's visionary executive chairman.

In a letter to shareholders, Ma outlined Alibaba's achievements of the past financial year - including a gross merchandise turnover of more than $195 billion (1 trillion RMB), an "unprecedented" figure - before looking to the future.

"We have more than 430 million annual active buyers, which means one out of every three individuals in China has made a purchase on our retail marketplaces," Ma wrote.

But, he said, while proud of Alibaba's online shopping achievements, "we want to do far more", saying that the benefits of globalisation had not been spread evenly, but that "digital disruption will bring us closer to a level playing field for young people and small businesses".

"We are not merely trying to shift buy/sell transactions from offline to online, nor are we changing conventional digital marketing models to squeeze out a little additional profit," he wrote.

"We are working to create the fundamental digital and physical infrastructure for the future of commerce, which includes marketplaces, payments, logistics, cloud computing, big data and a host of other fields."

The Alibaba group of companies, founded in 1999, accounts for 60 per cent of all Chinese online sales, and this year overtook Walmart as the world's largest retailer.


It has made Ma the second richest man in Asia, with a net worth of US$28.5 billion.


It's through cloud computing that Alibaba aims to expand its reach, and the company has been investing in the technology as part of a strategy that sees shoppers' data as the contemporary equivalent of mineral riches.

"Over the next 30 years, with computing power as the new 'technology breakthrough' and data as the new 'natural resource,' the landscape of retail, financial services, manufacturing and entertainment will be transformed," Ma wrote, forecasting a decades-long period of transformation.

"The internet revolution is a historical inflection point, much like when electricity was introduced, and it may have an even greater impact," he predicted.

Alibaba's mission, he said, was to "empower merchants with the ability to transform and upgrade their businesses for the future" and "help companies all over the world to grow".

"We believe, the commerce infrastructure we have created in China - marketplaces, payments, logistics, cloud computing and big data, all working in concert - can be applied on a global scale to lift up small and medium businesses and ordinary consumers around the world."

Eight years after launching, Alibaba Cloud hosts 35 per cent of Chinese websites, while delivering cloud computing and big data services.


Ma said Alibaba was constantly adapting to the changing e-commerce environment, as staying at the forefront of innovation was key to its continued success.

"In the coming years, we anticipate the birth of a re-imagined retail industry driven by the integration of online, offline, logistics and data across a single value chain," he said.

"With e-commerce itself rapidly becoming a "traditional business," pure e-commerce players will soon face tremendous challenges."

A shift to mobile revenue was one such change, he said, with mobile climbing from a single-digit percentage to three-years of total revenue from Alibaba's Chinese retail marketplaces, in the space of two years.

"This is why we are adapting, and it's why we strive to play a major role in the advancement of this new economic environment," Ma said.

Innovations like Alibaba's Qianniu app, which helps online businesses to improve sales and marketing while enhancing efficiency, were an example of the type of projects the company aimed to focus on.

"In 20 years, we hope to serve two billion consumers around the world, empower 10 million profitable businesses and create 100 million jobs," Ma said, adding: "This will be an even more difficult journey than the one behind us."

LISTEN : Newstalk ZB Political Editor Barry Soper speaks to Andrew Dickens on KPMG Early Edition

Mr Ma - who's worth around $50 billion - met with John Key in Beijing late yesterday. He made his money through founding the online commerce platform Ali Baba.

Standing alongside the Prime Minister, he heaped praise on the country, which he says is loved by many Chinese.

"At least 20 of my colleagues retired from Ali Baba. They're all very young, in their 40s, they all go to New Zealand."

"I asked what they do apart from the golf and green things and they say it's the people there."

It wasn't all social, with the Chinese billionaire also talking business.

Jack Ma told the entrepreneurs luncheon Kiwi businesspeople find it difficult to access the Chinese market.

Mr Ma said he wants to make that easier with his multi-platform organisation.

"We have Ali Baba University. We would either have courses in New Zealand or invite the entrepreneurs in New Zealand to stay in China for two weeks for training."

"The second is that we're going to open an Ali Baba business embassy next year in New Zealand."

John Key is in China meeting business and political leaders.



Innovation "Made in China" - The Case of Alibaba and the role of Net-based Small Business

Innovation is a key driver for economic development and social progress and small business is one of the best ways for people to express their willingness and capability to innovate.  Pervasive business ownership has, therefore, been the foundation in many societies for the continued improvement of people’s economic wellbeing. In the People’ Republic of China, however, private business ownership was prohibited between 1957 and 1978. Productive innovations were extremely restricted and as a consequence, China’s economy was on the verge of collapse by the end of 1978. The Chinese people had suffered a historic setback.

Alibaba’s growth, driven by unleashing grassroots entrepreneurship, has become an exemplar of China’s innovation in the 21st century.  Started by 18 young people in 1999, Alibaba has grown into a giant global internet platform and has made many invaluable contributions to China’s progress. Highlighting the importance of pervasive small business ownership in unleashing grassroots innovation and improving economic wellbeing, Professor Lowrey will discuss Alibaba’s innovative strategies and explain the economic theory behind its inspiring success.




Dr. Ying Lowrey is Professor of Economics at Tsinghua University and Deputy Director of the Tsinghua Research Center for Chinese Entrepreneurs, and a member of the Academic Committee for Alibaba Group Research Institute. Her teaching and research interests include economics of innovation and entrepreneurship in the internet and platform economy, the modern microfinance market, business demographics, characteristics of business owners, and the role of free enterprise and competition in the macroeconomy. 

She received her economics Ph.D. from Duke University, economics MA from Yale University and mathematics BS from Wuhan University. Before joining Tsinghua University in 2012, she served as senior economist at the Office of Advocacy, U.S. Small Business Administration and has taught economics at George Washington University and San Diego State University.


Selected publications 




Founder of Ali Baba commits his work for Chinese on internet to generate 100 million microentrepren…chris macraeNov 23, 200950 views

Founder of Ali Baba commits his work for Chinese on internet to generate 100 million microentrepreneur jobs in 2010s - who else would you vote at the centre of 100 million job creation leagues?
=====================update sumer 2016:
unlike oiher years spent with bangaldeshi inspired youth, i spent 2015-2016 mainly with a class of chinese female students - what brilliant minds and tirelss sources of human energy - i hope this summary of why the whole world can celebrate what jack ma is doing is near to the mark - but as always look forward to editing any errors which are mine alone washington dc text 240 316 8157
was english language tutoring

In 1995 he was sent to the usa on an exchange mission and encountered the worldwideweb - then unknown in China. He determined the www would be the biggest job creating innovation of his (or his generations) life and hopefully of every Chinese entrepreneur he could valuably link into.

Over the next 15 years his wizard coding teams went from something that was little more than an electronic yellow pages for small businesses to conceiving sustainability generation's 2 greatest retailing platforms china or the world may ever have seen..

the taobao platform is the most valuable job creating concept retailers have ever mediated because it reverses the western trend of globalisiation of retailers, bankers and big corporations squeezing out local and small enterprises from having a market; how taobao did that is an extraordinarily detailed story but note how Ma was concerned to ensure even the most cut-off of Chinese villagers could start up on tao bao (rural ecommerce is one of the innovations that Ma has led the www purpose to linkin)

His other mall was pitched at the more usual high cost fashions of big global merchandisers. Because of complex property laws in chinese cities, most expensive retailers are not much of a joy to shop in. So ali baba created a lifestyle -eg celebrate singles day 11/11 shopping virtually rather than the physically exhausting interaction in The West's biggest shopping days of the year)

SO 365/24/7 consumers of ali baba can choose who they value developing most with their purchasing power as well as searching merchandise with global image or local cultural joy

Alibaba has become china's and probably the word's largest retailing channel. It does this with next to no merchandise but brilliant coding so that every store front on its platforms delivers with equal reliability. Hunting out exactly how Ma forms partnerships so that big data analysis benefits the smallest enterprises and most local consumers ought to be a job of whomever is sustainability goals greatest economist.

Intriguingly to ensure he could compete with the chinese internet companies that raced to co-create the www that Ma had opened space for in china, Ma IPO'd Alibaba through a process 2010-2015 while developing his secret sustainability weapon under private ownership. AlIpay is china's number 1 financial inclusion delivery system and maybe global youth most humanly productive coding achievement to date.

Comparing china's top 10 internet properties with the west's is very interesting. Are the consuming behaviours on ali baba more sustainable than those on amazon or ebay or paypal? Are the learnng behaviours on baidu more sustaining of youth than on google or coursera or microsoft's linkedin. Time will tell but note how speaking english, chinese and coding (as well as mother tongue) are probably what educators anywhere on planet earth should NOW be most valuing their global youth's future freedom to thrive entrepreneurially around.

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